L614 - Alternative Syntactic Theories

This course covers non-derivational theories of syntax that have focused on developing precisely formulated grammars whose empirical predictions can be directly tested. We will briefly cover a number of different grammatical frameworks, including varieties of dependency grammar (DG), tree-adjoining grammar (TAG), lexical-funcational grammar (LFG), and Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG). After a survey of each of these, we will delve more deeply into the framework of combinatory categorial grammar (CCG)

The CCG portion of the course will be treated essentially like a seminar. We will read recent papers which examine both theoretical and computational aspects of CCG. This will include, on the one hand, topics such as the structure of the lexicon and the relation of syntax to semantics and information structure, and, on the other hand, methods for CCG supertagging, wide-coverage CCG parsing, and CCG corpora. The exact material will depend to some extent upon the interests of the participants.

At the end of the course, students should be able to analyze linguistic data in a number of ways, read syntactic literature from a variety of viewpoints, and understand how these formalisms, especially CCG, lend themselves well to computational needs.

No programming experience is assumed, but some syntax is required.