This course covers non-derivational theories of syntax that have focused on developing precisely formulated grammars whose empirical predictions can be directly tested. We will examine a number of different grammatical frameworks, including varieties of dependency grammar (DG), tree-adjoining grammar (TAG), combinatory categorial grammar (CCG), and lexical-funcational grammar (LFG). After a survey of each of these, we will delve more deeply into the framework of Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG), examining both theoretical and practical issues and gaining exposure to both the key foundational works as well as recent lines of investigation.
Given its focus on precise, testable theories, the course will be of particular interest to linguists who are concerned with developing detailed accounts of the syntactic structure of individual languages. It is also of special interest to computational linguists, as the frameworks have been developed with careful attention to ways in which analyses can be represented within computational models of language processing.
At the end of the course, students should be able to analyze linguistic data in a number of ways, read syntactic literature from a variety of viewpoints, and understand how these formalisms lend themselves well to computational needs. Participants will develop an HPSG grammar fragment for a language of their choice by the end of the semester.
No programming experience is assumed, but some syntax is required.
Office: Memorial Hall (MM) 317
Phone: (812) 856-2535
E-mail: md7 AT edu.indiana (flipped around)
|or by appointment|
Meeting time: TR, 4:00-5:15pm
Classroom: Sycamore (SY) 108
Course website: http://jones.ling.indiana.edu/~mdickinson/08/614/
Course prerequisites: L543 or L545 or permission of instructor
For the first 5 weeks, we will use a variety of readings (available online) to provide background material for the lectures, and then we will use a book.
This is the current, tentative list of articles:
Book to purchase:
We'll select other readings later in the semester, depending on people's interests; see section on Presentations below.
Academic misconduct is not allowed in this course. The Indiana University Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities, and Conduct (http://dsa.indiana.edu/Code/) defines academic misconduct as ``any activity that tends to undermine the academic integrity of the institution . . . Academic misconduct may involve human, hard-copy, or electronic resources . . . Academic misconduct includes, but is not limited to . . . cheating, fabrication, plagiarism, interference, violation of course rules, and facilitating academic misconduct'' (II. G.1-6).
Students who need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact me to arrange an appointment as soon as possible to discuss the course format, to anticipate needs, and to explore potential accommodations.
I rely on Disability Services for Students for assistance in verifying the need for accommodations and developing accommodation strategies. Students who have not previously contacted Disability Services are encouraged to do so (812-855-7578; http://www.indiana.edu/~iubdss/).
|Jan.||8||T||Intro to class (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)|
|10||R||Dependency Grammar (DG) (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)||RH, JN|
|17||R||Tree-Adjoining Grammar (TAG) (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)||J&S, J&R|
|24||R||Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)||S&B||HW1 due|
|31||R||Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)||MD|
|12||T||Head-driven PSG (HPSG) (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)||L&M|
|19||T||HPSG overview||P&S, ch. 1|
|21||R||Topic #1: Agreement (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)||P&S, ch. 2||HW3 due|
|28||R||Topic #2: Complement Structures (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)||P&S, ch. 3|
|Mar.||4||T||Complement Structures||P&S, ch. 9|
|6||R||Complement Structures||HW4 due|
|18||T||No class (work on presentations)|
|25||T||Topic #3: UDCs (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)||P&S, ch. 4|
|Apr.||1||T||Topic #4: Binding (.pdf, 2x3.pdf)|
|2||W||Binding: 2:30-3:45pm, BH 139||P&S, ch. 6|
|8||T||More on UDCs||BMS-01|
|24||R||Lexical rules||DM-01||HW7 due|
|29||T||Projects (finals week)||2:45-4:45pm|